Discussion paper: Provision of quality early childcare services

Prepared for the Peer Review in Social Protection and Social Inclusion programme

Introduction
Increasingly, childcare provision and use involves multiple factors. Childcare systems in EU countries combine elements of labour market and parental leave policies, as well as a broad range of childcare possibilities. Parental leave is relevant, as are employment regulations in terms of whether they allow for flexibility in the labour market, with opportunities to work part-time, flexible or atypical hours, which can help parents with childcare provision.